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摄影师帮你整理后期思路 学会影调和色彩的控制

时间:2018-01-22 11:44   来源:国家授权正规彩票平台  作者:管理员  点击:

国家授权正规彩票平台 HENDUOPENGYOUKENENGDUODUOSHAOSHAOZAICHULIYIZHANGPIANZIHOUQIDEYINGDIAOHEYANSESHI,GANDAOKUNHUOHUOZHEWUCONGXIASHOU。DAODIZHEIYIKUAIQUYUDIAOZHENGLIANGXIEHAISHIANXIE,ZHEIKUAIQUYUDEYANSEDAODIPIANNUANDIAOXIEHAISHILENGDIAO。WOXIWANGZHEIPIANWENZHANGNENGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGBANGDAONI。

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国家授权正规彩票平台   DAJIADOUZHIDAOSHEYINGSHIYIMENGUANGDEYISHU,GUANGZAISHEYINGZHONGDEDIWEIFEICHANGGAO,ERGUANGYESHIJUEDINGLEYIZHANGPIANZIDEMINGANDUHEYANSEDEZHONGYAOYUANSUZHIYI。GUANGDEJIAODUJUEDINGLEYIGEJINGWUDELITIGAN,NALISHIAN,NALISHILIANG。ZAIGUANGXIANMEINEIMECIYANDESHIHOU,ANDEDIFANGYANSEZIRANSHAOWEIPIANLENG,LIANGDEDIFANGZIRANPIANNUAN。YIZHANGPIANZICONGANDAOLIANG,CONGLENGDAONUANDOUYOU,JIUNENGWEIZHENGGEHUAMIANZENGTIANLITIGAN。ZHEIYESHIWEISHENMEDADUOSHUFENGGUANGSHEYINGSHIJIDOUXUANZAIRICHUHUOZHERILUOSHIFEN。 

关键词:
明,暗,冷,暖

思路:
根据想表达的感觉和主题

该亮的地方亮

该暗的地方暗

该冷调的地方冷

该暖调的地方暖

  JIEXIALAIWOMENKANKANBUTONGYANSESHIZENMESHENGCHENG。TONGYIZHONGYANSEKEYIZAILIANGDUHEBAOHEDUQIANGRUOCHENGDUYINGXIANGXIAYANSHENGCHUBUTONGBANBENYANSE。LIRUCHENGSELIMIANYOUANCHENGSEHELIANGCHENGSE;DANCHENGSEHENONGCHENGSE。

国家授权正规彩票平台   ZAIFUTU1LIWOMENKEYIKANDAOYANSEDANGAOQIETU,CONGDANGAODEDIBUWANGSHANGFANGXIANGZHOUSHILIANGDUDUIYANSEDEYINGXIANG,WOMENKEYIKANDAOZAIDANGAOSHANGMIANDEYANSESHIFENMINGLIANGERYUEWANGXIAYUEANSHENZHIWANQUANHEISE;LINGWAICONGDANGAOZHONGXINDIANWANGWAIFASANFANGXIANGZHOUSHIBAOHEDUDUIYANSEDEYINGXIANG,YUEWANGZHONGXINFANGXIANGYANSEYUEDANYUEWANGWAIWEIYANSEZEYUENONG。


(附图1:颜色和明暗度之间的关系)

  WEISHENMEYAOSHUOZHEIGENI,ZHEISHIYINWEIZAIFENGGUANGSHEYINGHOUQICHULIZHONG,WOMENNENGGENJUWOMENXIANGBIAODADEZHUTIQUKONGZHIZHEIXIESECAIHEYINGDIAOZENMEBIAOXIAN。YANSEZAIGAOLIANGDUHEBAOHEDUDESHIHOUNENGCHENGXIANCHONGMANSHENGMINGLIDEGANJUE,ERYANSEZAIDILIANGDUHEBAOHEDUDESHIHOUZEYOULINGRENJUEDEHUNAN,MOHUDEGANJUE。

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  例如日落或日出时光线照耀到的云彩和太阳高光区域,这些都是能容纳高亮度和饱和度的颜色。我们在处理的时候尤其得注意这一思路,每一个区域都根据光线的情况来控制颜色和明暗度,只有这样才能使得观看起来比较自然,不会突兀。

实例分析1:《Mountain Flowers Sea》,  摄于加拿大Pacific Range


Raw文件


Photoshop处理后

  ZAIZHEILIJIANDANSHUOYIXIAWOZHEIZHANGTUDEHOUQICHULISILU。ZHEIZHANGPIANZIDEGUANGXIANSHICONGHUAMIANYOUBIANDETAIYANGZHAOSHEGUOLAI,DANGSHIHAIYOUXIEYUNSHAOWEIDANGZHULETAIYANGGUANGDEZHAOSHE,SUOYIQIANJINGDEHUABINGMEIYOUBEIZHISHEGUANGZHAOSHEDAO,ZHIYOUYINGSHEGUANG。ZHENGZHANGPIANZIDEZHUTISHIZHEIHUAHAIHAIYOUBEIJINGTAIYANGGUANGZHAOSHEXIADEXUESHANHEBINGCHUAN。ZAICHULIZHEIZHANGPIANZIDANGSHIWOMASHANGJIUPANDUANLEBEIJINGDEXUESHANHEBINGCHUANKENDINGSHIYONGYOUGAOBAOHEDUHELIANGDUDEYANSEYINWEIBEIZHISHEGUANGZHAOSHEDAO(ZHISHEGUANGQUYU),QICISHIYONGYOUYINGSHEGUANGDEQIANJINGHUAHAI(YINGSHEGUANGQUYU),ZUIHOUJIUSHIHUAMIANZHONGMEIYOUBEIGUANGZHAODAODEANCHU(WUGUANGQUYU)。


附图3:光线分析图

  YOULEZHEIMEYIGEFENXIZAI,WOJIUKEYIDIAOZHENGZHENGZHANGPIANZIGEQUYUDEYANSEHEMINGANDULE,GENJUCONGANDAOMING,LENGDAONUANDEYUANZE。YUANTUXIANDEYOUDIANPIANLENG,WOBAZHENGZHANGTUPIANDEBAIPINGHENGSHAOWEIDIAOZHENGHUIQUXIANGNUANDIAO,YINWEIHUAHAIJIASHANGNUANDIAOXIANDEYOUSHENGMINGLIXIEHENENGBASHIXIANYINDAOXIANGBEIJINGXUESHANBINGCHUAN。ZAIZHEILITIYIXIADESHI,WOTONGCHANGXIHUANDIAOZHENGZHENGGEHUAMIANDEYANSEBAOHEDUDUOYUDANCHUNDIAOZHENGJUBUDEYANSEBAOHEDU,YINWEIZHEIYANGYUNXUWOKANDAOZHENGGEHUAMIANGENJUGUANGXIANJIAODUERYINQIDEYANSEBAOHEDUBIANHUA,CONGERBIMIANDANCHUNDIAOZHENGLEMOUGEQUYUERHUSHILEDUIQITAQUYUDEHUAMIANXIAOGUOYINGXIANG。


附图4:Mountain Flowers Sea直方图

  当调整颜色的亮度和饱和度的时候,记得注意看一下直方图,确认一下有没有使高光溢出。尽管我有时候为了效果会让某种颜色高光处有一点点溢出,但是让大范围的高光溢出并不是一个好主意。
 

实例分析2:《Blue Dream》, 摄于华盛顿州雷尼尔山


Raw文件


处理后

  ZHEIYIZHANGPIANZIDEGUANGXIANQINGKUANGSHIDABAITIANNIGUANG,BINGQIEZHENGZHANGPIANZIDEZHUYAOYANSEJIDIAOSHILANSE。DANGCHULIYIZHANGZHIYOUYIZHONGYANSEWEIZHUDIAODEPIANZISHI,DETEBIEZHUYIZHUYAOYANSEDELIANGDUHEBAOHEDU,YINWEIZHEIZHUYAOYANSEJIANGJUEDINGZHENGGEHUAMIANDEYANSEHEXIEDU。

  在这里我们也同样按照光的方向,集中增强画面光亮处主要颜色的亮度和饱和度来突出主体。在这张片子里主体是蓝色的水流引导线和雪洞的蓝色,暗处区域是黑色或者深蓝色一直随着光线强度变到浅蓝和白色。我只是轻微把对比度和整个画面蓝色增强一点点就已经达到Photoshop处理后的色彩效果。另外为了加强逆光光线的效果,我让高光处过曝了些,并且通过模糊加强了Raw文件里的水雾效果。
 

实例分析3:《Caldera Clearing》,俄勒冈州火山湖


Raw文件


Photoshop处理后

国家授权正规彩票平台 ZAIZHUNBEICHULIZHIQIANWOMENJIUYAODUIHUAMIANGEGEQUYUDEGUANGXIANQINGKUANGJINXINGFENXI,ZHEIYANGNENGRANGWOMENDUIYINGDIAOHEYANSEYOUYIGEPAIXU,NALIYAOLIANGXIENALIYAOANXIE,NALIYAOZENGQIANGSECAIBAOHEDU,NALIBUXUYAO。

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国家授权正规彩票平台   ERQIANJINGBAISEDEXUEYOUYIDINGCHENGDUDEYINGSHEGUANG,SUOYIZHEILICHULICHENGYIXIYOUTIANKONGYUNCAIDEYANSE。

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国家授权正规彩票平台   ZHEILISHUYIJIQIYINYINGCHUQUYUPIANLENGDIAOBINGQIEYANSEBAOHEDUHELIANGDUDI,ERYINWEISHUSHANGGAIYOUBAIXUE,SUOYIWOSHAOWEIBALIANGDUTISHENGBINGTIANJIALENGSEDIAO。

总结

  YIZHANGTUPIANDESECAIHEYINGDIAOFEICHANGZHONGYAO,TAMENNENGSHIPIANZIYICHANGCHUCAI,DANRUGUOCHULIBUQIADANGDEHUA,YENENGZHIJIEHUIMIEDIAOYIZHANGZUOPIN。JIANLIQIYISHUANGZHUNQUEDEYANJINGHEHOUQICHULIGANJUEXUYAOHUADALIANGDESHIJIANQULIANXI,BINGQIEPAISHESHIXUYAODUIXIANCHANGGUANGXIANQINGKUANGYOUYIGESHENKEYINXIANG。XIWANGDAJIANENGCONGZHEIPIANWENZHANGLIXUEDAOYIXIEYOUYONGZHISHIHEWOHOUQICHULIDESILU。BUKEFOUREN,ZHEISHIYIGESHIFENFUZADEKETI,HAIYOUSHEJIHENDUOSECAILILUN,ERWOZHEICIWUFAQUANBUTONGYIGUINAFENXIANGJIDAJIA,XIWANGYOUXINGQUDEPENGYOUKEYIKANKANYIXIEGUANYUSECAILILUNDESHUJI。

XIANGGUANTUIJIAN

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